Significance of Hesed in the Blessing of Naomi: Exegetical and Theological Study of Ruth 1:8, 9

  • Blasius Abin Universitas Klabat


The connection of hesed and covenant commitment is a pivotal point in the covenant between Ruth and Naomi. The blessing of Naomi indicates that there are two agents of hesed, namely God’s hesed for the two Moabite women in the future, and the hesed of the two Moabite women for Naomi’s family in the past. Naomi uses the term hesed in Ruth 1:8b without giving a specific description of God’s hesed. However, the oracle in Ruth 1: 9a Naomi specifies the idea of God’s hesed. Through the exegetical and theological study of the text, the words of Naomi imply that the past continual covenant faithfulness of two Moabite women to Elimelech’s family as well as to God is the basis of Naomi’s supplication that God should reward them hesed in the future. The theological implication is that the faithfulness of human beings to the covenant commitment assures the permanence of hesed in the covenant relationship. Moreover, faithfulness to covenant commitment stood out as being a means of how God worked out His redemptive plan to turn about the human crisis. To sum, hesed is considered as the content of the covenant, and it is the basis on which the covenant relationship will be enabled to continue.

Keywords: Hesed; Covenant; Commitment



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How to Cite
ABIN, Blasius. Significance of Hesed in the Blessing of Naomi: Exegetical and Theological Study of Ruth 1:8, 9. Klabat Theological Review, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 74-85, feb. 2021. ISSN 2723-6137. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2021. doi: