GRIT DAN MINDSET PADA MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN

  • Grace Fresania Kaparang Universitas Klabat
  • Mega Gahauna Universitas Klabat

Abstract

Abstract


Grit or persistence is an individual effort exerted to achieve a long-term effort with a sustainable spirit and to develop this grittiness, a growth mindset is needed by that individual in order to believe or appreciate these abilities. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between grit and mindset among nursing students at Universitas Klabat, using a correlative method and consecutive sampling technique, consented by 226 students. Data analysis employing percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation, and Spearman’s Correlation test. It is found that the grit of the participants averaged in 3.43 (SD= 0.531) signifying that the students were “quite gritty”. While for mindset the students were at the “intermediate mindset” level (M= 2.460; SD=0.676). Moreover, Spearman’s correlation revealed p=0.002 (<0.01) and r=-0.201 indicating a negative weak correlation between grit and mindset, signifying that the more gritty the student, the more fixed their mindset. It is recommended to conduct similar research to other students or study program and that the information about grit and mindset could be passed along throughout Universitas Klabat or other schools, and that also experimental study is suggested in the area of grit and mindset. For the institution, it is recommended that grit and mindset seminars, training, or workshops could be conducted for the students that they may aware of their situation and improve to be better and eventually achieve a successful learning experience.


Keywords: grit, mindset, nursing, students


 


Abstrak


Grit atau ketekunan adalah usaha seseorang untuk mencapai tujuan jangka panjang dengan semangat yang berkelanjutan, dan untuk mengembangkan grit diperlukan growth mindset agar seseorang percaya akan kemampuan diri dan menghargai kemampuan tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah ada hubungan yang signifikan antara grit dan mindset pada mahasiswa Keperawatan Universitas Klabat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif korelasi dengan teknik consecutive sampling diikuti oleh 226 mahasiswa yang setuju berpartisipasi. Analisa data menggunakan persentase, frekuensi, serta uji statistik Spearman’s Correlation menemukan rata-rata grit dari seluruh partisipan adalah M=3.43 (SD= 0.531) yang berarti partisipan berada pada skala “agak gritty”. Sedangkan rata-rata mindset dari partisipan berada pada nilai M= 2.460 (SD=0.676) yang berarti skala rata-rata “intermediate mindset” dan hasil uji Spearman’s correlation menunjukkan nilai p=0.002 (<0.01) dengan nilai r=-0.201 yang artinya ada hubungan negatif yang signifikan namun lemah antara grit dan mindset pada mahasiswa Keperawatan Universitas Klabat, yang artinya semakin gritty seorang mahasiswa, mereka berada pada mindset yang semakin fixed. Rekomendasi bagi peneliti selanjutnya agar dapat melakukan penelitian dengan menambah jumlah sampel dan memperluas penelitian ke fakultas lain agar informasi mengenai grit dan mindset juga dapat disalurkan kepada semua mahasiswa di Universitas Klabat bahkan di Universitas dan sekolah lain, serta dapat melakukan penelitian eksperimental pada area grit dan mindset. Bagi institusi, kiranya dapat mempelajari grit dan mindset, serta memberikan seminar, training atau workshop mengenai hal ini, sehingga mahasiswa boleh aware mengenai keadaan mereka.


Kata kunci: grit, mindset, mahasiswa, perawat

References

Abuhassan, A., Bates, T. C. (2015). Grit: distinguishing effortful persistence from conscientiousness. Journal of Individual Differences.36(4). doi: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000175

Balkishan, S. & Ravikant, J. (2014). Right Choice Of A Method For Determination Of Cut-Off Values: A Statistical Too For A Diagnostic Test. Asian Journal Of Medical Sciences. 5.30-34. 10.3126/ajms.v5i3.9296

Bashant, J. (2014). Developing grit in our students: why grit is such a desirable traits, and practical strategies for teacher and school. Journal for Leadership and Instruction, Diakses dari: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1081394.pdf

Bazelias, P., Lemay, D. J., Doleck, T. (2016). How does grit impact college students’ academic achievement in science?. European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education. 4(1). Diakses dari: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1107756.pdf

Crede, M., Tynan, M. C., Harms, P. D. (2016). Much ado about grit: a meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 113(3). doi: 10.1037/pspp000010

Cross, T. M. (2014). The gritty: grit and non-traditional doctoral student success. Journal of Education. 11(3). Diakses dari: https://www.thejeo.com/archive/2014_11_3/cross

Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly. D. R. (2007). Grit: perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 92(6). 1087-1101. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.108

Dweck, C. S. (2009). Mindsets: developing talent through a growth mindset. Artikel: Olympic Coach. Diakes dari: https://www.teamusa.org/̴/media/USA_Volleyball/Documents/Resource/OlympCoachMag_Win%2009_Vol%2021_Mindset_carol%Dweck.pdf

Dweck, C. S. (2010). Mind-sets and equitable education. Article: Principal Leadership. Diakses dari: https://eschs.weebly.com/uploads/2/5/1/7/25174886/mind-sets-and-equitable-education.pdf

Dweck, C. S. (2015). Education Week: Carol Dweck revisits the growth mindset. Diakses dari: https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2015/09/23/carol-dweck-revisits-the-growth-mindset.html

Eskreis-Winkler, L., Shulman, E. P., Beal, S. A., Duckworth, A. L. (2014). The grit effect: predicting retention in the military, the workplace, school and marriage. Frontiers in Phsychology. 5(36). doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00036

Griffin, M. L., McDermott, K. A., McHugh, R. K., Fitzmaurice, G. M., Weiss, R. D. (2016). Grit in patients with substance use disorders. Am J Addict. 25(8). doi:10.1111/ajad.12460

Halliday, L., Walker, A., Vig, S., Hines, J., Brecknell, J. (2016). Grit and burnout in UK doctors: a cross-sectional study across specialties and stages of training. BMJ Journal. 93(1101). doi: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2015-133919




Hochanadel, A., Finamore, D. (2015). Fixed and growth mindset in education and how grit helps students persist in the face of adversity. Journal of International Education Research. 11(1). 47-50. doi: 10.19030/jier.v11i1.9099

Hodge, B., Wright, B., Bennett, P. (2017). The role of grit in determining engagement and academic outcomes for university students. Research in Higher Education. doi: 10.1007/s11162-017-9474-y

Hurloch, E. B. (2009). Psikologi perkembangan: suatu pendekatan sepanjang rentang kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga

Isnaeni, M. (2019). Pengaruh growth mindset terhadap grit akademik pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti organisasi. Skripsi: Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Semarang. Diakses dari: https://lib.unnes.ac.id/33657/1/1511415029_Optimized.pdf

Ivcevic, Z., Brackett, M. (2014). Predicting school success: compairing conscientiousness, grit, and emotion regulation ability. Journal of Research in Personality. 52. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2014.06.005

Kannangara, C. S. et all. (2018). All that glitters is not grit: three studies of grit in university students. Article: University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01539

Kelly, D. R., Matthews, M. D., Bartone, P. T. (2014). Grit and hardiness as predictors of performance among west point cadets. Military Psychology. 26(4). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/mil0000050

Kench, D., Hezelhurst, S., Otulaja, F. (2016). Grit and growth mindset among high school students in a computer programming project: a mixed methods study. Paper: University of Witwatersrand. Diakses dari: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Femi_Otulaja/publication/309172702_Grit_and_Growth_Mindset_Among_High_School_Students_in_a_Computer_Programming_Project_A_Mixed_Methods_Study/links/5ae5dbd0aca272ba5080e860/Grit-and-Growth-Mindset-Among-High-School-Students-in-a-Computer-Programming-Project-A-Mixed-Methods-Study.pdf?origin=publication_detail

Klein, G. (2016). Psychology today: mindsets: what they are and why they matter. Diakses dari: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/seeing-what-others-dont/201605/mindsets

Levy, S. R., Dweck, C. S. (1998). Trait-versus process-focused social judgment. Social Cognition. 16(1). Diakses dari: https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1521/soco.1998.16.1.151

Londoner, C. A. (1972). Perseverance versus nonperseverance patterns among adult high school students. Adult Education. 22(3). doi: 10.1177/074171367202200301

Lucas, G. M., Gratch, J., Cheng, L., Marsella, S. (2015). When the going gets tough: grit predicts costly perseverance. Journal of Research in Personality. 59. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2015.08.004

Martinez, B. P. (2017). Grit and mindset as predictors of students success in a first-time online high school course. Disetasi: Northwest Nazarene University in Idaho. Diakses dari: https://www.whdl.org/sites/default/files/Brooke%20Phillips%20Martinez%20FINAL%20DISSERTATION.pdf

Martínez-Mesa, J., González-Chica, D. A., Duquia, R. P., Bonamigo, R. R., & Bastos, J. L. (2016). Sampling: how to select participants in my research study?. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia, 91(3), 326–330. https://doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20165254

Maulana, A. A., Saverinus, G., Nurul, U., & Achmad, S. (2019). Analisis komparasi sistem pendidikan Indonesia dan Finlandia. Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan. 3(2). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/jsmp.v3i2.1102

Muenks, K., Wigfield, A., Yang, J. S., O’Neal, C. R. (2016). How tru is grit? Assessing its relations to high school and college students’ personality characteristics, self-regulation, engagement, and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology. 109(5). doi: https://doi.prg/10.1037/edu0000153

Palisoc, A. J. L. et all. (2017). Relationship between grit with academic performance and attainment of postgraduate training in pharmacy students. Am J Pharm Educ. 81(4). doi: 10.5688/ajpe81467

Pate, A. N. et all. (2017). Measurement of grit and correlation to student pharmacist academic performance. Am J Pharm Educ. 81(6). doi: 10.5688/ajpe816105

Sethi, D., Shashwati, S. (2019). Say no to setback: grit & growth mindset have got yourback. International Journal of Innovative Studies in Sochiology and Humanities. 4(3). 18-26. Diakses dari: https://www.academia.edu/38557375/Say_No_to_Setbacks_Grit_and_Growth_Mindset_Have_Got_Your_Back

Sharkey, C. M. et all. (2017). The role of grit in college student health care management skills and health-related quality of life. J Pediatr Psychol. 42(9). doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsx073

Sheldon, K. M., Jose, P. E., Kashdan, T. B., Jarden, A. (2015). Personality, effective goal-striving, and enhanced well-being: comparing 10 candidate personality strengths. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 41(4). doi: 10.1177/0146167215573211

Stangor, C. (2011). Research methods for the behavioral sciences (4th ed.). Mountain View, CA: Cengage. Diakses dari: http://www.opentextbooks.org.hk/ditatopic/26400

Tabrani, Z. A. (2017). Sistem pendidikan di Indonesia: antara solusi dan ilusi. Artikel. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21465.62569

Wang. et all. (2017). Neuroanatomical correlates of grit: growth mindset mediates the association between gray matter structure and trait grit in late adolescene. Article: National University of Defense Technology. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23944

Weisskirch, R. S. (2016). Grit, self-esteem, learning strategies and attitudes and estimated and achieved course grades among college students. Current Psychology. 37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-016-9485-4
Published
2020-10-31
How to Cite
KAPARANG, Grace Fresania; GAHAUNA, Mega. GRIT DAN MINDSET PADA MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN. Klabat Journal of Nursing, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 8-16, oct. 2020. ISSN 2685-7154. Available at: <http://ejournal.unklab.ac.id/index.php/kjn/article/view/501>. Date accessed: 26 feb. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.37771/kjn.v2i2.501.